Reasons why the oil and natural gas industry talks about a regulatory “tsunami” coming down from EPA:
- A newly proposed Tier 3 rule to further lower sulfur content in gasoline – that would have “very small” additional environmental benefit, according to a recent study. At the same time, it could increase the manufacturing cost of gasoline by up to 9 cents per gallon. (More on Tier 3 below.)
- Increases in the federal ethanol mandate under the Renewable Fuel Standard – which could add to the manufacturing cost of gasoline by about 30 percent by 2015, according to a study by NERA Economic Consulting. (Posts on that here, here, here and here.)
- A potential vapor pressure reduction requirement that could increase refinery costs.
- An expected Refinery Sector Rule, new ozone requir... more »